Reaction of organism adaptation to physical loads
However in asesing the health status of the athlete, the physician must take into account that the morphological and functional features of an organism of athletes may differ from generally accepted norms. High level of development in athletes energy providing systems, the functional efficiency of autonomic nervous system at rest, the ability to tolerate significant changes of homeostasis are due to the influence of sports training and should be seen by a doctor.
Functional changes occurring in the body of an athlete under the influence of regular training loads certain direction, should be asesed taking into
account biological features of the organism adaptation to physical stres. The esence of adaptation in sports training proces lies not only in the regulation of muscle specific activity, but in the posibility of progresive complexity and increasing exercise, exerting a decisive influence on the growth of sports results.
There are two types of reactions of adaptation in sports training: urgently emerging (circulation, respiration, increase heat production, etc.) and morphological and functional changes in cells, tisues, organs And the whole body) reactions, which provide the development of motor qualities of the athlete.
Adaptation affects all types of metabolism; its direction depends on the magnitude, intensity and nature of training and competitive loads. Adaptation to intensive muscular work going on in the beginning due to the urgent functional, and then long-term morphological and functional changes.
It is considered that the organism is better adapted to the implementation of the training loads, more economical than the structure of the sport movement, the greater the volume of the performed work and the smaller shifts in indicators of autonomic responses (blood circulation, respiration, and other functions).